The Caravan Hound, also known as the Mudhol Hound, is a rare breed of sighthound that originated in India. This breed was traditionally used for hunting and guarding, but it has more recently been utilized for surveillance and border protection by the Indian Army. The Caravan Hound is a tall, sleek, and muscular dog with a narrow muzzle and a short, smooth coat that requires little grooming.

This breed is typically friendly, affectionate, and calm, making it a great companion for families. According to recent studies, 97% of Caravan Hounds are said to be very good with children. They are also known to be devoted to their owners and shy with strangers. Caravan Hounds are mostly utilized as hunting dogs, though they are also used as guard dogs. Tea and coffee growers in India most popularly use them to keep rabbit populations in check, which leads to a better harvest.


The Caravan Hound, also known as the Mudhol Hound, is an ancient breed that originated in India. This breed is a type of sighthound that was traditionally used for hunting and guarding, but more recently, it has been used for surveillance and border protection by the Indian Army.

Origin of the Caravan Hound

The Caravan Hound is believed to have originated from the Middle East, specifically in countries such as Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. The breed was thought to be developed by nomadic traders who needed a loyal companion to help them on their long journeys. These traders would travel along the Silk Road, a network of trade routes connecting the East and West.

The Caravan Hound was an essential part of the traders’ lives, as it provided protection and companionship on their long journeys. Over time, the breed was brought to India by the traders and became an integral part of Indian culture.

Role in Indian Culture

In India, the Caravan Hound is a highly respected breed that has played a significant role in Indian culture. The breed is known for its loyalty, intelligence, and agility, which made it an ideal hunting companion for Indian royalty and nobility.

The Caravan Hound was also used for guarding homes and properties and hunting small game such as rabbits and hares. The breed’s incredible speed and agility made it an excellent choice for hunting, and it was often used in pairs to corner prey.

Today, the Caravan Hound is still a popular breed in India, and it is often used for hunting, guarding, and as a companion animal. The breed is recognized by the Kennel Club of India and the Indian National Kennel Club under different breed names. The KCI registers it as a Caravan Hound while the INKC uses the name Mudhol Hound.

Physical Characteristics

The Caravan Hound is a graceful and athletic dog breed known for its slender body, long legs, and narrow head. Here are some key physical characteristics of the Caravan Hound:

Size and Weight

Caravan Hounds are medium to large-sized dogs that typically stand between 23 to 29 inches tall at the shoulder. Males are usually larger than females and can weigh anywhere between 45 to 75 pounds, while females typically weigh between 35 to 60 pounds.

Coat and Color

The Caravan Hound has a short, dense, and smooth coat that comes in a variety of colors, including fawn, black, and white. Some dogs may have white markings on their chest, feet, and tail. The coat requires minimal grooming and only needs to be brushed occasionally to remove loose hair.

Temperament and Personality

The Caravan Hound is a calm, gentle, and affectionate dog that makes an excellent companion for families. They are intelligent, loyal, and easy to train, but they can sometimes be independent and stubborn. They are generally good with children and other pets but may be wary of strangers and require early socialization to prevent shyness or aggression.

Overall, the Caravan Hound is a beautiful and well-balanced breed that is well-suited for active families who enjoy spending time outdoors. With proper training, socialization, and exercise, they can make loyal and loving companions for many years to come.

Training and Exercise

Training Techniques

The Caravan Hound is an intelligent and trainable breed, but they can be strong-willed, so it’s essential to use positive reinforcement techniques. Harsh training methods or punishment-based training can be counterproductive and damage the dog’s trust and respect for you. Training should be consistent, firm, and reward-based.

Start training your Caravan Hound early, ideally as soon as you bring them home. Begin with basic commands like “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “heel.” Use treats, praise, and positive reinforcement to encourage good behavior.

Socialization is also crucial for Caravan Hounds. Expose them to different people, animals, and environments from an early age. This will help them become well-rounded, confident, and friendly adult dogs.

Exercise Requirements

Caravan Hounds are high-energy dogs that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They have a lot of stamina and can run for hours, making them excellent jogging or hiking companions.

Daily exercise is essential for Caravan Hounds, and they should have at least 60-90 minutes of physical activity per day. This can include walks, runs, hikes, or playing fetch in a fenced yard.

In addition to physical exercise, mental stimulation is also crucial for Caravan Hounds. They are intelligent dogs that enjoy solving puzzles and learning new tricks. Consider providing them with puzzle toys, agility training, or obedience classes to keep their minds active and engaged.

It’s important to note that Caravan Hounds can be sensitive to extreme temperatures. In hot weather, exercise should be limited to early morning or late evening when it’s cooler. In cold weather, make sure to provide them with a warm coat and limit exposure to the elements.

Overall, Caravan Hounds are active, intelligent dogs that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They can make excellent companions for active owners with consistent training and plenty of physical and mental activity.

Health and Care

Taking care of your Caravan Hound’s health is crucial to ensuring that they live a long and happy life. Here are some things to keep in mind when it comes to their health and care:

Common Health Issues

Like all breeds, Caravan Hounds are prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common ones include hip dysplasia, bloat, eye problems, and ear infections. It’s important to keep an eye out for any signs of these issues and to take your dog to the vet if you notice anything out of the ordinary.

Fortunately, Caravan Hounds are generally regarded as a hardy breed, not prone to any inherited health problems. Having lived outside in all the elements for thousands of years, weaknesses have been selected out of their line. Hardy, rugged, and resistant to parasites and infection, they also have few inherited diseases, as far as anyone can tell.

Grooming and Care

Caravan Hounds are relatively low-maintenance when it comes to grooming. They have short, smooth coats that don’t require a lot of brushing or trimming. However, regular baths and nail trims are important to keep them clean and healthy.

In terms of exercise, Caravan Hounds are an active breed that require daily walks and playtime to keep them happy and healthy. They also enjoy running in open spaces, so a large yard or nearby park is ideal.

When it comes to food, Caravan Hounds require a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. It’s important to feed them high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet for your dog.

Overall, taking care of a Caravan Hound is relatively straightforward. With proper exercise, grooming, and nutrition, your dog can live a long and healthy life.


In conclusion, the Caravan Hound is a rare and unique breed primarily used for hunting and guarding. This breed is known for its friendly and affectionate nature, making it a great companion for families. It is a calm, gentle, and loving breed that is very social in nature and will quickly become attached to its family members.

Caravan Hounds are typically large-breed dogs that weigh between 48 and 62 pounds at maturity. Males are usually larger than females, standing 26 to 29 inches tall while females are usually 23 to 26 inches tall. They come in a variety of colors and combinations, with the most common being fawn, fallow, red cream, or any of these, broken.

This breed is also known for its trainability and intelligence, making it easy to train. They are devoted to their owners but can be shy with other people. Tea and coffee growers in India most popularly use them to keep rabbit populations in check, which leads to a better harvest.

Overall, the Caravan Hound is an excellent breed for those looking for a loyal and affectionate companion and a great hunting and guarding dog. They can make great additions to any family with proper training and socialisation.